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Ancient Rome - Index

Roman Index / Timeline Italy before the Romans Romulus and Remus Birth and Rise of Rome Early Roman Republic
The Twelve Tables Punic Wars Late Roman Republic Consuls of the Republic Trouble in the Republic
Julius Caesar Julius Caesar Play and Brutus Trial Antony and Cleopatra Octavian Late Republic Poetry
Early Roman Empire Caesar Augustus Basics of Christianity Pontius Pilate The New Testament
Bishops of Rome / Popes Late Roman Empire Attack of the Barbarians Roman Emperors Roman Emperors List

until 249
PONTIFICATE NAME NOTES
32(?) to 64/67(?)

Pope Peter
Saint Peter

Simon Peter
שמעון בן יונה
(Shimon ben Yona)
Shimon Kipha
ΣΙΜΗΟΝ ΚΗΦΑΣ
(Simeon Kephas)

Disciple of Jesus from whom, according to Matthew 16:18-19, he received the keys to the kingdom of heaven.
Executed by crucifixion upside-down; feast day (SS Peter & Paul) 29 June, (Chair of Peter) 22 February
64/67(?) to 76/79(?) Pope Linus
Saint Linus
Traditionally martyred (no evidence); Feast day 23 September
76/79(?) to 88 Pope Anacletus
Saint Anacletus
(Anencletus)
Saint Anacletus
Martyred; feast day 26 April
88/92 to 97/101 Pope Clement I
Saint Clement
Martyred; feast day 23 November
97/99 to 105/107 Pope Evaristus
(Aristus)
Saint Evaristus
Traditionally martyred (no evidence); feast day 26 October
105/107 to 115/116 Pope Alexander I
Saint Alexander
 
115/116 to 125 Pope Sixtus I
Saint Sixtus
 
125 to 136/138 Pope Telesphorus
Saint Telesphorus
 
136/138 to 140/142 Pope Hyginus
Saint Hyginus
Traditionally martyred (no evidence); feast day 11 January
140/142 to 155 Pope Pius I
Saint Pius
Martyred by sword; feast day 11 July
155 to 166 Pope Anicetus
Saint Anicetus
Traditionally martyred (no evidence); feast day 17 April
c.166 to 174/175 Pope Soter
Saint Soter
Traditionally martyred; feast day 22 April
174/175 to 189 Pope Eleuterus
Saint Eleutherus
Traditionally martyred; feast day 6 May
189 to 198/199 Pope Victor I
Saint Victor
 
199 to 217 Pope Zephyrinus
Saint Zephyrin
 
c.217 to 222/223 Pope Calixtus I
Saint Calixtus
Martyred; feast day 14 October
222/223 to 230 Pope Urban I
Saint Urban
 
21 July 230 to 28 September 235 Pope Pontian
Saint Pontian
 
235 to 3 January 236 Pope Anterus
Saint Anterus
 
10 January 236 to 20 January 250 Pope Fabian
Saint Fabian
 

 

From 250-499
PONTIFICATE NAME NOTES
March/April 251 to June 253 Pope Cornelius
Saint Cornelius
Died a martyr, through extreme hardship; feast day 16 September
25 June 253 to 5 March 254 Pope Lucius I
Saint Lucius
Feast day 4 March
12 May 254 to 2 August 257 Pope Stephen I
Saint Stephen
Martyred by beheading; feast day 2 August
30/31 August 257 to 6 August 258 Pope Sixtus II
Saint Syxtus II
Martyred by beheading
22 July 259 to 26 December 268 Pope Dionysius
Saint Dionysius
Feast day 26 December
5 January 269 to 30 December 274 Pope Felix I
Saint Felix
 
4 January 275 to December 283 Pope Eutychian
Saint Eutychian
 
17 December 283 to 22 April 296 Pope Caius
Saint Caius
 
296 to 304 Pope Marcellinus
Saint Marcellinus
 
308 to 309 Pope Marcellus I
Saint Marcellus
 
c.309 to c.310 Pope Eusebius
Saint Eusebius
 
2 July 311 to 11 January 314 Pope Miltiades
Melchiades
Saint Miltiades
 
31 January 314 to 31 December 335 Pope Silvester I
Saint Silvester
 
18 January 336 to 7 October 336 Pope Marcus
Saint Mark
Feast day 7 October
6 February 337 to 12 April 352 Pope Julius I
Saint Julius
 
17 May 352 to 24 September 366 Pope Liberius  
1 October 366 to 11 December 384 Pope Damasus I
Saint Damasus
 
11 December 384 to 26 November 399 Pope Siricius
Saint Siricius
 
27 November 399 to 19 December 401 Pope Anastasius I
Saint Anastasius
 
22 December 401 to 12 March 417 Pope Innocent I
Saint Innocent
 
18 March 417 to 26 December 418 Pope Zosimus
Saint Zosimus
 
28/29 December 418 to 4 September 422 Pope Boniface I
Saint Boniface
 
10 September 422 to 27 July 432 Pope Celestine I
Saint Celestine
 
31 July 432 to March/August 440 Pope Sixtus III
Saint Syxtus
 
29 September 440 to 10 November 461 Pope Leo I the Great
Saint Leo
 
19 November 461 to 29 February 468 Pope Hilarius
Saint Hilarius
 
3 March 468 to 10 March 483 Pope Simplicius
Saint Simplicius
 
13 March 483 to 1 March 492 Pope Felix III
(Felix II)
Saint Felix
 
1 March 492 to 21 November 496 Pope Gelasius I  
24 November 496 to 19 November 498 Pope Anastasius II  
22 November 498 to 19 July 514 Pope Symmachus
Saint Symmachus
 

 

From 500-749
PONTIFICATE NAME NOTES
20 July 514 to 19 July 523 Pope Hormisdas
Saint Hormisdas
Father of Pope Silverius
13 August 523 to 18 May 526 Pope John I
Saint John
 
13 July 526 to 22 September 530 Pope Felix IV
(Felix III)
Saint Felix
 
22 September 530 to 17 October 532 Pope Boniface II  
2 January 533 to 8 May 535

Pope John II
Mercurius

 
13 May 535 to 22 April 536 Pope Agapetus I
Agapitus
Saint Agapetus
Feast days 22 April, 20 September
1 June 536 to 11 November 537 Pope Silverius
Saint Silverius
Exiled; feast day 20 June, son of Pope Hormisdas
29 March 537 to 7 June 555 Pope Vigilius  
16 April 556 to 4 March 561 Pope Pelagius I  
17 July 561 to 13 July 574

Pope John III
Catelinus

 
2 June 575 to 30 July 579 Pope Benedict I  
26 November 579 to 7 February 590 Pope Pelagius II  
3 September 590 to 12 March 604 Pope Gregory I
Saint Gregory
Gregory the Great
 
13 September 604 to 22 February 606 Pope Sabinianus
Saint Sabinianus
 
19 February 607 to 12 November 607 Pope Boniface III  
25 August 608 to 8 May 615 Pope Boniface IV
Saint Boniface
 
19 October 615 to 8 November 618 Pope Deusdedit
(Adeodatus)
 
23 December 619 to 25 October 625 Pope Boniface V  
27 October 625 to 12 October 638 Pope Honorius I  
October 638 to 2 August 640 Pope Severinus  
24 December 640 to 12 October 642 Pope John IV  
24 November 642 to 14 May 649 Pope Theodore I  
July 649 to 16 September 655 Pope Martin I
Saint Martin
Feast Day 12 November
10 August 654 to 2 June 657 Pope Eugene I
Saint Eugene
 
30 July 657 to 27 January 672 Pope Vitalian
Saint Vitalian
 
11 April 672 to 17 June 676 Pope Deusdedit II
(Adeodatus)
 
2 November 676 to 11 April 678 Pope Donus  
27 June 678 to 10 January 681 Pope Agatho
Saint Agatho
 
December 681 to 3 July 683 Pope Leo II
Saint Leo
Feast day 3 July
683/26 June 684 to 8 May 685 Pope Benedict II
Saint Benedict
Feast day 7 May
12 July 685 to 2 August 686 Pope John V  
21 October 686 to 22 September 687 Pope Conon  
15 December 687 to 8 September 701 Pope Sergius I
Saint Sergius
 
30 October 701 to 11 January 705 Pope John VI  
1 March 705 to 18 October 707 Pope John VII  
15 January 708 to 4 February 708 Pope Sisinnius  
25 March 708 to 9 April 715 Pope Constantine  
19 May 715 to 11 February 731 Pope Gregory II
Saint Gregory
Feast day 11 February
18 March 731 to 28 November 741 Pope Gregory III  
3 December 741 to 14 March/22 March 752 Pope Zacharias
Zachary
Saint Zacharias
Feast day 15 March

 

From 750-999
PONTIFICATE NAME NOTES
23 March 752 to 25 March 752 Pope Stephen II Not listed as part of the Vatican's official list of popes. Died three days after his election, prior to his consecration as bishop.
26 March 752 to 26 April 757 Pope Stephen III
(Stephen II)
 
29 May 757 to 28 June 767 Pope Paul I
Saint Paul
 
1 August 767 to 24 January 772 Pope Stephen IV
(Stephen III)
 
1 February 772 to 26 December 795 Pope Adrian I  
26 December 795 to 12 June 816 Pope Leo III  
12 June 816 to 24 January 817 Pope Stephen V
(Stephen IV)
 
25 January 817 to 11 February 824 Pope Paschal I
Saint Paschal
 
8 May 824 to August 827 Pope Eugene II  
August 827 to September 827 Pope Valentinus  
827 to January 844 Pope Gregory IV  
January 844 to 7 January 847 Pope Sergius II  
January 847 to 17 July 855 Pope Leo IV
Saint Leo
 
855 to 7 April 858 Pope Benedict III  
24 April 858 to 13 November 867 Pope Nicholas I
Saint Nicholas
 
14 December 867 to 14 December 872 Pope Adrian II  
14 December 872 to 16 December 882 Pope John VIII  
16 December 882 to 15 May 884 Pope Marinus I  
17 May 884 to c.September 885 Pope Adrian III
Saint Adrian
 
885 to 14 September 891 Pope Stephen VI
(Stephen V)
 
19 September 891 to 4 April 896 Pope Formosus Posthumously executed following the Cadaver Synod
4 April 896 to 19 April 896 Pope Boniface VI  
22 May 896 to August 897 Pope Stephen VII
(Stephen VI)
 
August 897 to November 897 Pope Romanus  
December 897 Pope Theodore II  
January 898 to January 900 Pope John IX  
900 to 903 Pope Benedict IV  
July 903 to September 903 Pope Leo V  
29 January 904 to 14 April 911 Pope Sergius III "Pornocracy" begins
April 911 to June 913 Pope Anastasius III  
July/August 913 to February/March 914 Pope Lando  
March 914 to May 928 Pope John X  
May 928 to December 928 Pope Leo VI  
December 928 to February 931 Pope Stephen VIII
(Stephen VII)
 
February/March 931 to December 935 Pope John XI  
3 January 936 to 13 July 939 Pope Leo VII  
14 July 939 to October 942 Pope Stephen IX
(Stephen VIII)
 
30 October 942 to May 946 Pope Marinus II  
10 May 946 to December 955 Pope Agapetus II  
16 December 955 to 14 May 964 Pope John XII
Octavian
Murdered; end of the "Pornocracy"
4 December 963 to 1 March 964 Pope Leo VIII Deposed
May 964 to 965 Pope Benedict V Deposed
965 to 1 March 965 Pope Leo VIII Restored
1 October 965 to 6 September 972 Pope John XIII  
19 January 973 to June 974 Pope Benedict VI Deposed and murdered
October 974 to 10 July 983 Pope Benedict VII  
December 983 to 20 August 984 Pope John XIV
Pietro Campanora
 
August 985 to March 996 Pope John XV  
3 May 996 to 18 February 999

Pope Gregory V
Bruno of Carinthia

First German Pope
2 April 999 to 12 May 1003

Pope Silvester II
Gerbert d'Aurillac

First French Pope

 

From 1000-1249
PONTIFICATE PAPAL NAME PERSONAL NAME NOTES
June 1003 to December 1003 Pope John XVII Siccone  
25 December 1003 to July 1009 Pope John XVIII Giovanni Fasano; Phasianus  
31 July 1009 to 12 May 1012 Pope Sergius IV Pietro Bucca Porci; Peter Pig's Snout  
18 May 1012 to 9 April 1024 Pope Benedict VIII Theophylactus II, Conti di Tusculum  
April/May 1024 to 6 December 1032 Pope John XIX Romanus, Conti di Tusculum  
1032 to 1044 Pope Benedict IX Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum 1st Term; abdicated for financial reward
1045 Pope Silvester III John, Bishop of Sabina Validity of election questioned; considered Anti-Pope deposed at the Council of Sutri
1045 to 1046 Pope Benedict IX Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum 2nd Term; deposed at the Council of Sutri
April/May 1045 to 20 December 1046 Pope Gregory VI Johannes Gratianus Deposed at the Council of Sutri
24 December 1046 to 9 October 1047 Pope Clement II Suidger  
November 1047 to 1048 Pope Benedict IX Theophylactus III, Conti di Tusculum 3rd Term; deposed and excommunicated
17 July 1048 to 9 August 1048 Pope Damasus II Poppo  
12 February 1049 to 19 April 1054 Pope Leo IX
Saint Leo
Bruno, Count of Dagsbourg  
13 April 1055 to 28 July 1057 Pope Victor II Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein, and Hirschberg  
2 August 1057 to 29 March 1058 Pope Stephen X
(Stephen IX)
Frederic de Lorraine; Frederick of Lorraine  
6 December 1058 to 27 July 1061 Pope Nicholas II Gérard de Bourgogne; Gerard of Burgundy  
30 September 1061 to 21 April 1073 Pope Alexander II Anselmo da Baggio  
22 April 1073 to 29 May 1085 Pope Gregory VII
Saint Gregory
Hildebrand  
28 May 1086 to 16 September 1087 Pope Victor III
Blessed Victor
Desiderio; Desiderius; Dauferius  
12 March 1088 to 29 July 1099 Pope Urban II
Blessed Urban
Odo of Lagery  
13 August 1099 to 21 January 1118 Pope Paschal II Raniero  
24 January 1118 to 28 January 1119 Pope Gelasius II Giovanni Coniulo  
2 February 1119 to 13 December 1124 Pope Calixtus II Guido, Comte de Bourgogne Opened the First Council of the Lateran in 1123
15 December 1124 to 13 February 1130 Pope Honorius II Lamberto Scannabecchi  
14 February 1130 to 24 September 1143 Pope Innocent II Lorenzo Papareschi Convened the Second Council of the Lateran, 1139
26 September 1143 to 8 March 1144 Pope Celestine II Guido
12 March 1144 to 15 March 1145 Pope Lucius II Gerardo Caccianemici dal Orso  
15 February 1145 to 8 July 1153 Pope Eugene III
Blessed Eugene
Bernardo Pignatelli  
12 July 1153 to 15 February 1154 Pope Anastasius IV Corrado  
4 December 1154 to 1 September 1159 Pope Adrian IV Nicholas Breakspear first English pope; granted Ireland to Henry II, King of England
7 September 1159 to 30 August 1181 Pope Alexander III Rolando Bandinelli Convened the Third Council of the Lateran, 1179
1 September 1181 to 25 September 1185 Pope Lucius III Ubaldo Allucingoli  
25 November 1185 to 19 October 1187 Pope Urban III Uberto Crivelli  
21 October 1187 to 17 December 1187 Pope Gregory VIII Alberto di Morra  
19 December 1187 to 27 March 1191 Pope Clement III Paulino Scolari  
30 March 1191 to 8 January 1198 Pope Celestine III Giacinto Bobone then Orsini  
8 January 1198 to 16 July 1216 Pope Innocent III Lothario dei Conti di Segni Convened the Fourth Council of the Lateran, 1215
18 July 1216 to 18 March 1227 Pope Honorius III Cencio Savelli  
19 March 1227 to 22 August 1241 Pope Gregory IX Ugolino dei Conti di Segni  
25 October 1241 to 10 November 1241 Pope Celestine IV Goffredo Castiglioni  
25 June 1243 to 7 December 1254 Pope Innocent IV Sinibaldo Fieschi Convened the First Council of Lyons, 1245

 

From 1250-1499
PONTIFICATE PAPAL NAME PERSONAL NAME NOTES
12 December 1254 to 25 May 1261 Pope Alexander IV Rinaldo dei Conti di Segni; Rinaldo Conti  
29 August 1261 to 2 October 1264 Pope Urban IV Jacques Pantaléon  
5 February 1265 to 29 November 1268 Pope Clement IV Gui Faucoi le Gros (angl: Guy Foulques the Fat)  
29 November 1268 to 1 September 1271        
1 September 1271 to 10 January 1276 Pope Gregory X
Blessed Gregory
Tebaldo Visconti Convened the Second Council of Lyons, 1274
21 January 1276 to 22 June 1276 Pope Innocent V
Blessed Innocent
Pierre de Tarentaise  
11 July 1276 to 18 August 1276 Pope Adrian V Ottobuono Fieschi  
8 September 1276 to 20 May 1277 Pope John XXI Pedro Hispano Killed in the collapse of his scientific laboratory; the first Portuguese pope
25 November 1277 to 22 August 1280 Pope Nicholas III Giovanni Gaetano Orsini  
22 February 1281 to 28 March 1285 Pope Martin IV Simon de Brion; Simon de Brie  
2 April 1285 to 3 April 1287 Pope Honorius IV Giacomo Savelli  
22 February 1288 to 4 April 1292 Pope Nicholas IV Girolamo Masci  
4 April 1292 to 5 July 1294        
5 July 1294 to 13 December 1294 Pope Celestine V
Saint Celestine
Pietro da Morrone  
24 December 1294 to 11 October 1303 Pope Boniface VIII Benedetto Caetani  
22 October 1303 to 7 July 1304 Pope Benedict XI Niccolò Boccasini Convened the Council of Vienne, 1311-1312
5 June 1305 to 20 April 1314 Pope Clement V Bertrand de Got Pope at Avignon
20 April 1314 to 7 August 1316      
7 August 1316 to 4 December 1334 Pope John XXII Jacques d'Euse; Jacques Duèse Pope at Avignon
20 December 1334 to 25 April 1342 Pope Benedict XII Jacques Fournier Pope at Avignon
7 May 1342 to 6 December 1352 Pope Clement VI Pierre Roger Pope at Avignon
18 December 1352 to 12 September 1362 Pope Innocent VI Etienne Aubert; Stephen Aubert Pope at Avignon
28 September 1362 to 19 December 1370 Pope Urban V
Blessed Urban
Guillaume Grimoard; Guillaume de Grimoard Pope at Avignon
30 December 1370 to 26 March 1378 Pope Gregory XI Pierre Roger de Beaufort Pope at Avignon
8 April 1378 to 15 October 1389 Pope Urban VI Bartolomeo Prignano Western Schism
2 November 1389 to 1 October 1404 Pope Boniface IX Pietro Tomacelli Western Schism
17 October 1404 to 6 November 1406 Pope Innocent VII Cosimo Gentile Migliorati Western Schism
30 November 1406 to 4 July 1415 Pope Gregory XII Angelo Correr Western Schism; abdicated during the Council of Constance, which had been called by his opponent John XXIII, but whose validity he had confirmed.
4 July 1415 to 11 November 1417      
11 November 1417 to 20 February 1431 Pope Martin V Oddone Colonna Convened the Council of Basel, 1431
3 March 1431 to 23 February 1447 Pope Eugenius IV Gabriele Condulmer  
6 March 1447 to 24 March 1455 Pope Nicholas V Tommaso Parentucelli  
8 April 1455 to 6 August 1458 Pope Callixtus III Alonso de Borgia First Spanish Pope
19 August 1458 to 15 August 1464 Pope Pius II Enea Silvio Piccolomini  
30 August 1464 to 26 July 1471 Pope Paul II Pietro Barbo Nephew of Eugenius IV
9 August 1471 to 12 August 1484 Pope Sixtus IV Francesco della Rovere Member of the Franciscan Order, Commissioned the Sistine Chapel
29 August 1484 to 25 July 1492 Pope Innocent VIII Giovanni Battista Cybo  
11 August 1492 to 18 August 1503 Pope Alexander VI Rodrigo de Lanzòl-Borgia Nephew of Callixtus III

 

From 1500-1749
PONTIFICATE PAPAL NAME PERSONAL NAME NOTES
22 September 1503 to 18 October 1503 Pope Pius III Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini Nephew of Pius II
31 October 1503 to 21 February 1513 Pope Julius II Giuliano della Rovere Nephew of Sixtus IV; Convened the Fifth Council of the Lateran, 1512
9 March 1513 to 1 December 1521 Pope Leo X Giovanni di Lorenzo de' Medici Son of Lorenzo the Magnificent
9 January 1522 to 14 September 1523 Pope Adrian VI Adrian Florensz Dedal Only Dutch Pope; last non-Italian Pope until 1978; last German pope (the Netherlands being part of the German Empire at the time of his reign) until 2005
26 November 1523 to 25 September 1534 Pope Clement VII Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici Rome plundered by imperial troops ("Sacco di Roma"), 1527
13 October 1534 to 10 November 1549 Pope Paul III Alessandro Farnese Opened the Council of Trent in 1545
7 February 1550 to 23 March 1555 Pope Julius III Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte  
9 April 1555 to 1 May 1555 Pope Marcellus II Marcello Cervini  
23 May 1555 to 18 August 1559 Pope Paul IV Giovanni Pietro Carafa  
25 December 1559 to 9 December 1565 Pope Pius IV Giovanni Angelo Medici Reopened the Council of Trent, 1562, it concluded its proceedings in 1563
7 January 1566 to 1 May 1572 Pope Pius V
Saint Pius
Michele Ghislieri Victory of Lepanto 1571
13 May 1572 to 10 April 1585 Pope Gregory XIII Ugo Boncompagni Reform of the calendar 1582
24 April 1585 to 27 August 1590 Pope Sixtus V Felice Peretti  
15 September 1590 to 27 September 1590 Pope Urban VII Giovanni Battista Castagna  
5 December 1590 to 15 /16 October 1591 Pope Gregory XIV Niccolò Sfondrati  
29 October 1591 to 30 December 1591 Pope Innocent IX Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti  
30 January 1592 to 3 March 1605 Pope Clement VIII Ippolito Aldobrandini  
1 April 1605 to 12 April 1605 Pope Leo XI Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici  
16 May 1605 to 28 January 1621 Pope Paul V Camillo Borghese  
9 February 1621 to 3 July 1623 Pope Gregory XV Alessandro Ludovisi  
6 August 1623 to 29 July 1644 Pope Urban VIII Maffeo Barberini Trial against Galileo Galilei
16 September 1644 to 7 January 1655 Pope Innocent X Giovanni Battista Pamphilj  
7 April 1655 to 22 May 1667 Pope Alexander VII Fabio Chigi  
20 June 1667 to 9 December 1669 Pope Clement IX Giulio Rospigliosi  
29 April 1670 to 22 July 1676 Pope Clement X Emilio Altieri  
21 September 1676 to 11/12 August 1689 Pope Innocent XI
Blessed Innocent
Benedetto Odescalchi  
6 October 1689 to 1 February 1691 Pope Alexander VIII Pietro Vito Ottoboni  
12 July 1691 to 27 September 1700 Pope Innocent XII Antonio Pignatelli  
23 November 1700 to 19 March 1721 Pope Clement XI Giovanni Francesco Albani  
8 May 1721 to 7 March 1724 Pope Innocent XIII Michelangelo de ’Conti; Michael Angelo Conti  
27 May 1724 to 21 February 1730 Pope Benedict XIII Pierfrancesco Orsini  
12 July 1730 to 6 February 1740 Pope Clement XII Lorenzo Corsini  
17 August 1740 to 3 May 1758 Pope Benedict XIV Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini  

 

From 1750
PONTIFICATE PAPAL NAME PERSONAL NAME NOTES
6 July 1758 to 2 February 1769 Pope Clement XIII Carlo della Torre Rezzonico  
19 May 1769 to 22 September 1774 Pope Clement XIV Giovanni Vincenzo Antonio Ganganelli  
15 February 1775 to 29 August 1799 Pope Pius VI Giovanni Angelo Braschi  
14 March 1800 to 20 August 1823 Pope Pius VII Barnaba Chiaramonti  
28 September 1823 to 10 February 1829 Pope Leo XII Annibale Sermattei della Genga  
31 March 1829 to 1 December 1830 Pope Pius VIII Francesco Saverio Castiglioni  
2 February 1831 to 1 June 1846 Pope Gregory XVI Bartolomeo Alberto Cappellari  
16 June 1846 to 7 February 1878 Pope Pius IX
Blessed Pius IX
Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti Opened First Vatican Council;
lost the Papal States to Italy
20 February 1878 to 20 July 1903 Pope Leo XIII Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci  
4 August 1903 to 20 August 1914 Pope Pius X
Saint Pius X
Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto  
3 September 1914 to 22 January 1922 Pope Benedict XV Giacomo Della Chiesa  
6 February 1922 to 10 February 1939 Pope Pius XI Achille Ratti signed the Lateran Treaty with Italy, establishing the Vatican City as a sovereign state
2 March 1939 to 9 October 1958 Pope Pius XII Eugenio Maria Giuseppe Giovanni Pacelli  
28 October 1958 to 3 June 1963 Pope John XXIII
Blessed John XXIII
Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli Opened Second Vatican Council; sometimes called "Good Pope John"
21 June 1963 to 6 August 1978 Pope Paul VI Giovanni Battista Enrico Antonio Maria Montini  
26 August 1978 to 28 September 1978 Pope John Paul I Albino Luciani First Pope to use 'the First' in regnal name. First pope with two names, for his two immediate predecessors.
16 October 1978 to 2 April 2005 Pope John Paul II Karol Józef Wojtyła First Polish pope and first non-Italian pope since Pope Adrian VI in 1523. Reputedly canonized more saints than all predecessors. Styled "The Great" by some admirers. The longest serving Pope since Pius IX (1846-1878)
19 April 2005 to present Pope Benedict XVI Joseph Alois Ratzinger First German pope since Pope Adrian VI in 1523. Oldest pope since Clement XII in 1730


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