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Ancient Greece - Index

Greek Index / Timeline Aegean Sea Civilizations Trojan War Greek Dark Ages Greek Archaic Period
Greek Gods Greek Classical Period - I Persian War Greek Classical Period - II Peloponnesian War
Philosophers Tragedy - Oedipus Greek Classical Period - III Alexander the Great Greek Hellenistic Period

Greek Index and Timeline

Early Bronze Age (2900 - 2000)

- The period in antiquity that corresponds to the introduction of metallurgy, notably bronze-working, for making tools, weapons, and ceremonial objects.

The Prehistoric Archaeology of the Aegean the Bronze Age civilization that developed (c. 3000-1200 BC) in the basin of the Aegean Sea, mainly on Crete, the Cyclades, and the mainland of Greece.

The Early Cycladic Period small island group (Cyclades) situated in the centre of the Aegean in Greece, which developed a unique and distinctive civilization that flourished from around 3200-2000 BC.

The Early Minoan Period: The Settlements - Bronze Age civilization centering on the island of Crete, that flourished c. 3000 to 1100 BC. It was named after the legendary king Minos. Evans divided Minoan civilization into three periods: Early Minoan (c. 3000-c. 2200 BC), Middle Minoan (c. 2200-c.1600 BC), and Late Minoan (c. 1600-c. 1100 BC).


Minoan Age (2000 - 1400 BC )

Bronze Age civilization, centring on the island of Crete. It was named after the legendary king Minos. It is divided into three periods: the early Minoan period (c.3000-2200 B.C.), the Middle Minoan period (c.2200-1500 B.C.) and the Late Minoan period (c.1500-1000 B.C.).


Mycenaean Age (600 - 1100 BC)

Period of high cultural achievement, forming the backdrop and basis for subsequent myths of the heroes. It was named for the kingdom of Mycenae and the archaeological site where fabulous works in gold were unearthed. The Mycenaean Age was cut short by widespread destruction ushering in the Greek Dark Age.

  • Mycenaean Tholos Tombs and Early Mycenaean Settlements
  • The Collapse of Mycenaean Palatial Civilization and the Coming of the Dorians
  • Mycenaean Chronology
  • The Myceneans
  • 1185 Traditional date of Trojan War


    The Dark Ages (1100 - 750 BC)

    The period between the fall of the Mycenean civilizations and the readoption of writing in the eighth or seventh century BC. After the Trojan Wars the Mycenaeans went through a period of civil war, the country was weak and a tribe called the Dorians took over. Some speculate that Dorian invaders from the north with iron weapons laid waste the Mycenaean culture. Others look to internal dissent, uprising and rebellion, or perhaps some combination.

    The Greek Dark Ages

    A chapter on the history and culture of the Greek Dark Ages.

    The Dorians

    One of the three main groups of people of ancient Greece, the others being the Aeolians and the Ionians, who invaded from the north in the 12th and 11th centuries BC.

  • Dark Age Greece
  • The Dorian invasion
  • Iron into general use for weapons and tools
  • Greeks begin colonization on Ionian coast


    Archaic Period (750 - 500 BC)

    The period in which the beginnings of Greek monumental stone sculpture and other developments in the naturalistic representation of the human figure are found. During the Archaic Age the Greeks developed the most widespread and influential of their new political forms, the city-state, or polis . Rise of the aristocracies. Greek colonization of Southern Italy and Sicily begins.

  • Archaic Period
  • Early Archaic Period
  • The Archaic colonization
  • The emergence of the Polis


    Classical Period (500-323 BC)

    Classical period of ancient Greek history, is fixed between about 500 B. C., when the Greeks began to come into conflict with the kingdom of Persia to the east, and the death of the Macedonian king and conqueror Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. In this period Athens reached its greatest political and cultural heights: the full development of the democratic system of government under the Athenian statesman Pericles; the building of the Parthenon on the Acropolis; the creation of the tragedies of Sophocles, Aeschylus and Euripides; and the founding of the philosophical schools of Socrates and Plato.

  • Archaic and Classical Greek History
  • Classical Greece
  • The History of Hellas
  • 431-404 Peloponnesian War
  • 359-323 Rise of Macedonian Empire -
  • 359 - Philip II - Macedonian throne 343 - Aristotle tutor to Alexander
  • 338 - Philip defeats Athens - supreme power in Greece
  • 336 - Philip assassinated/Alexander succeeds
  • 335 - Alexander razes Thebes - extends rule Aristotle founds school in Athens 331 - Alexander smashes Persia
  • 330 - Alexander moves further into Asia Statues of Aeschylus, Euripides, and Sophocles erected in Theatre of Dionysus in Athens
  • 323 - Alexander dies in Babylon; successors begin to carve up his empire


    Hellenistic Period (323-27 BC)

    period between the conquest of the Persian Empire by Alexander the Great and the establishment of Roman supremacy, in which Greek culture and learning were pre-eminent in the Mediterranean and Asia Minor. It is called Hellenistic (Greek, Hellas, "Greece") to distinguish it from the Hellenic culture of classical Greece.

  • Hellenistic Period
  • Hellenistic Greece
  • Hellenic and Hellenistic Societies


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