The Code of Hammurabi
Hammurabi was the sixth of eleven kings
in the Old Babylonian Dynasty. He ruled for 42 years, from 1792
to 1750 BC. Hammurabi’s
Code is one of the oldest and most famous law codes in history.
It served as an influence on other law codes such as the Ten Commandments,
and the US Constitution.
3 . If any one bring an accusation
of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has
charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to
22 . If any one is committing a robbery
and is caught, then he shall be put to death.
25 . If fire break out in a house,
and some one who comes to put it out cast his eye upon the property
of the owner of the house, and take the property of the master
of the house, he shall be thrown into that self-same fire.
129 . If a man's wife is caught with
another man, both shall be tied and thrown into the water, but
the husband may pardon his wife if the king agrees.
195 . If a son strike his father,
his hands shall be hewn off.
196 . If a man put out the eye of
another man, his eye shall be put out. [ An eye for an eye ]
197 . If he break another man's bone,
his bone shall be broken.
200 . If a man knock out the teeth
of his equal, his teeth shall be knocked out. [ A tooth for a tooth
209 . If a man strike a free-born
woman so that she lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels
for her loss.
210 . If the woman die, his daughter
shall be put to death.
229 . If a builder build a house
for some one, and does not construct it properly, and the house
which he built fall in and kill its owner, then that builder shall
be put to death.
282 . If a
slave say to his master: "You
are not my master," if they convict him his master shall cut
off his ear.